"Residency and Citizenship: Privileges Held by Foreigners Married to Russian Citizens." 1 January 2010. Application for residence permit can be made by a foreigner who possesses a permit for temporary residence, but not later than 6 months before its termination. 1.1. Residence permit for the recognition of a foreign professional qualification in a non-regulated profession. This type of permit takes about 6 months to acquire and is valid for 3 years, although it must be renauthenticated every year. However, if your plans did not include living in the Russian Federation for more than 3 years, then limited period of validity of TRP is rather an advantage. 115-FZ of 2002 on the Legal Position of Foreign Citizens, a foreign citizen can obtain a permanent residence permit after residing in the Russian Federation "for at least one year" on a temporary residence permit (Russia 2002b, Art. Quota for issuing temporary residence permits is approved annually by the government of the Russian Federation considering proposals of regional executive authorities. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request. If the spouse is registered in the Russian Federation, documents should be submitted to relevant state authorities in the region of permanent registration. Citizenship is not granted immediately after marriage, however, and you must be married to a Russian citizen for three years to become a citizen yourself. After you get your long-term visa you can try to apply for a temporary residency permit (РВП - разрешение на временное проживание — RVP). This permit is issued for five years with an unlimited number of extensions (US n.d.). There is another important condition: you must use allocated quota for submitting documents for TRP before the end of the year. Temporary residence permit or TRP is a document which officially entitles foreigner to live and work in Russia within specified period of time. 6). 115-FZ on the Legal Position of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation, "a permit for temporary residence may be issued to a foreign citizen without an account for the quota … if he is married to a citizen of the Russian Federation whose place of residence is in the Russian Federation" (Russia 2002b, Art. It is suitable for cases when you do not plan to connect your life with Russia for a long time. 6, bld. MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE . It will be easier and faster to obtain a residence permit for investment. ability to freely cross Russian borders unlimited number of times during the year; right to work and do business, no need to obtain patent or special work permit; ability to open your own commercial company or register as sole proprietor; right to free medical care and placement in hospital at place of residence; ability to register with migration authorities for entire period of TRP validity; no need to register with migration authorities if you do not change your place of residence and do not leave region where you receive TRP. for minors – their parents’ submission of documents for TRP; citizenship of states that were part of the USSR with place of birth in the RSFSR; official status of native Russian language speaker; education at state Russian university under an accredited program (only for the former USSR countries). Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States. You do still have to obtain a temporary residence permit (TRP) first, but when you’re married to a Russian citizen the annual quota for granting TRPs doesn't apply. [Accessed 29 Sept. 2011], Norman DL Associates (NDLA). Obtaining Russian citizenship through marriage may allow you to go through the process a bit faster. If a Russian permanent residence permit expires, it cannot be renewed. This permit will allow you to stay inside China and come and go as I please for two years until it expires. If you have been abroad for longer than specified period due to valid reason and can prove this documentarily, TRP will not be canceled. No nonsense. If you are a student, then your university will help you with this. 10 Dec. 2008). Foreigner is required to submit annual notification confirming his/her residence and income to prove compliance with above-mentioned conditions. however, you can still apply for quota. Temporary residence permit holders face restrictions such as "mandatory fingerprint registration, restrictions on changes of residence within Russia, and annual registration with the internal affairs agencies" (ibid.). [Accessed 23 Sept. 2011], RT. In other words, you can cross border of the Russian Federation at least every day, but if you stay abroad for more than six months in total, migration authorities will have grounds to revoke permit. 1.1. But, by the way, a continuous residence permit is necessary as a basis for applying for citizenship. After you've met the true love of your life and are ready to settle down, or travel, you'll need to get married and then obtain a residence permit. If you stay in a hotel, the staff will do this for your. Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. No appointment needed. 13): Information on the specific documents required to obtain Russian citizenship through marriage could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. No waiver of foreign citizenship is required if this is envisaged by an international treaty of the Russian Federation or the present Federal Law or if the waiver of another citizenship is impossible due to reasons beyond the person's control; [and], [A]re in command of the Russian language …. So, if your application is approved, you need to hurry up with further paperwork. It allows the holder to choose a place of residence and to work anywhere in Russia without a special permit (ibid.). Standard period for which TRP is issued is 3 years. The application process can take up to six months (RT 1 Jan. 2010; NDLA 20 Nov. 2009). "Russian Visas." However, it has to be registered with the GUVM every year. So only a few lucky people can get positive decision for the first time. Most foreigners who want to stay in Russia apply for TRP within quota. Temporary residence permits are issued by an office under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior (also translated as Ministry of Internal Affairs) (US n.d.). The only exception is the right to participate in elections and referenda — citizenship is required for this. We would like to draw up your attention: if TRP is ISSUED in Moscow, you will not be able to work in Moscow region. 123112, Moscow, Presnenskaya Nab. This is a very hard thing to get. A residence permit in Russia by marriage or on any other basis gives a foreigner practically the same rights as Russian citizens. 115-FZ of July 25, 2002 on the Legal Position of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation. (Legislationline) [Accessed 19 Sept. 2011], _____. For example, a marriage certificate, confirming the marriage to the Russian citizen, should be submitted (ibid. Marriages in Russia must be registered with the local civil registry office, ZAGS (Zapis Aktov Grazhdanskogo Sostoyaniya). These include, for example, knowledge and compliance with Russian legislation. After getting married foreign citizen should collect necessary set of documents to apply for TRP: There are situations when marriage which served ground for obtaining TRP is declared invalid by court. (US. As a prerequisite for obtaining a Permanent Residence Permit, a Temporary Residence Permit must be applied for first, and needs to be held for at least one year before an application can be made for a permanent permit. However, good reasons are needed to apply for TRP without quota. If you are in a same-sex marriage and you move to another EU country, your … Residence permit to start a job as an au pair A temporary residence permit (TRP) gives foreign citizens the right to reside in Russia before obtaining a permanent residence permit. It will also become invalid if you leave the country for an unbroken six month period. So, the document is issued for 3 years and it cannot be extended, that is, after this period, you will either have to leave the country, or re-issue the papers. Josh Wilson and Olga Timoshkina. The GUVM decides on this. ; ACG 10 Dec. 2008). 62-FZ of 2002 on Citizenship of the Russian Federation (NDLA n.d.). "Documents Required to Obtain a Permanent Residence Permit." For this purpose, they first receive a temporary residence permit, and a year later they can apply for a residence permit. A temporary residence permit – is a certificate in the form of a biometric ID card, which is issued to a foreign citizen, in accordance with its basis for a residence permit, and confirms his right to temporarily reside in Ukraine from 1 to 3 years. identity card with notarized translation into Russian; medical certificates of absence of diseases defined in the Decree; document proving knowledge of Russian language; marriage certificate and passport of spouse. It does not matter for processing documents, but following points should be considered: The bare fact of marriage with Russian citizen is not sufficient ground to obtain TRP in Russia in 2020. Since it takes into account demographic situation and ability of particular region to accommodate foreign citizens, quota is usually small. Please pay your attention that it varies from region to region. The application should include, If the applicant is not subject to the quota for temporary residence permits, he or she must also provide. However, according to Federal Law No. N.d. Embassy of the United States, Moscow. This does not mean that you cannot go abroad or to another region. 2002a [amended 28 June 2009]. Things are a bit more complicated if you are a non-EU citizen who wants to stay in Romania for more than 90 days. [Accessed 3 Nov. 2011], _____. In this case, foreign citizen’s TRP will be cancelled. Valid reasons include need for treatment, illness of close relatives, work necessity, force majeure. According to Russian legislation, the state has the right to refuse to grant citizenship if, for example, an individual applying for citizenship "supports violent change to the foundations of the constitutional system in the Russian Federation, has outstanding convictions, has used counterfeit documents or knowingly declared false information" (NDLA n.d.). Fortunately, there are grounds to avoid quota. According to the NDLA, a different set of documents are required when applying for citizenship of the Russian Federation through the simplified process (NDLA n.d.). In addition, if foreign citizen wants to stay in the Russian Federation, he/she should fulfill some mandatory duties. The general procedure described in Article 13 stipulates that foreign citizens who are 18 years and older and applying for Russian Federation citizenship must have been living in the federation for five years on a residence permit (ibid., Art.13). Apply with this application for a residence permit if your spouse is a Finnish citizen. 1. According to Aligna Consulting Group (ACG), which provides legal support in Russia (ACG n.d.), the procedure for obtaining a temporary residence permit is "far from simple" (ibid. Residence permit to start an internship. Another disadvantage is that the total period of stay of temporarily residing foreigner outside of Russia should not exceed 6 months during one calendar year. A better term would be permission to permanently reside in Russia, but since ‘permanent residence’ is a common term, I will stick with it.The permanent residence permit provided the holder of it with a right to permanently reside in the territory of the Russian Federation for a maximum period of 5 years. A Temporary Residence Permit is valid for up to three years. The main thing that makes getting a residency permit more difficult for an US, Canadian or any other non-EU citizen is the fact that self-sufficiency is not acceptable. The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at, Last Updated: Monday, 25 January 2021, 14:50 GMT, 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Russie : information sur les exigences et la marche à suivre pour obtenir un permis de résidence temporaire, un permis de résidence permanente et la citoyenneté par l'entremise du mariage. Later on, if you have been married to a citizen of the Russian Federation for at least three years, you’ll be able to apply for citizenship through a “simplified” procedure. How to get your residence permit if you are a non-EU citizen. The era of globalization brought it fruits, and every tenth wife or husband in Ukraine nowadays is a foreigner. Moreover, temporary residing foreigner must have official job and source of income in order to support himself and his family members at a level not lower than living wage. marriage certificate and spouse's passport (if the spouse is a Russian citizen); birth certificate or passport of a USSR citizen (for former Soviet/Russian citizens); [and], document confirming that the foreign citizen has an established place [of] residence, or [the] consent of Russian citizens registered in Russia at their place of residence to provide a place of residence for the foreign citizen. Residence permit to take part in a student exchange or to attend school. The short answer is yes, you can.You need to apply for a residence permit, but in November 2019, the Russian government eased policies making it much easier for non-citizen parents of a Russian child to apply for indefinite residence permits. N.d. "Legal Support." The state duty for TRP processing is 1,600 rubles. However, it is not enough to simply comply with this obligation. The requirement and procedure for acquiring citizenship of the Russian Federation is regulated by Federal Law No. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Temporary Residence Permit A foreigner married to a Russian citizen residing in the Russian Federation may apply for and be granted a temporary or permanent residence permit (Legislationonline.org n.d.). Foreign citizens who have been residing in the Russian Federation and have been married to a Russian citizen for at least three years are "entitled to apply for admittance to Russian citizenship in a simplified manner without observing the condition concerning the time of residence established by Item 'a' of Part One of Article 13 of [the] Federal Law" (Russia 2002a, Art.14). The application for a permanent residence permit should be filed six months prior to the expiration of the temporary residence permit (US n.d.). marriage must be concluded in accordance with requirements of Russian and foreign legislation; marriage certificate issued on the territory of foreign country must have legalization mark. (those married to a Russian citizen with place of residence in the Russian Federation should provide a marriage certificate and the passport of the spouse, Russian citizen). This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. However, there are exceptions to this rule. Persons born in the Soviet Union who had Soviet citizenship and people born in Russia. Foreign nationals to whom a permit may be issued without quota should submit supporting documents. Obtaining Russian citizenship through marriage. N.d. [in Russian]. 10 December 2008. 10 Dec. 2008). It will take 6-8 weeks to get a permanent residence permit by marriage with our help in this case. A residence permit in Ukraine is a document that confirms the status of a foreign citizen in Ukraine: -Temporary residence permit -Permanent residence permit Which are drawn up depending on the availability in the foreigner of the relevant grounds. Internet sites, including: Amnesty International, Argumenty i Fakty, European Country of Origin Information Network, Factiva, Human Rights Watch, International Crisis Group, Moscow Helsinki Group, The Moscow Times; Rossiyskaya Gazeta; Russia - Consulate General of the Russian Federation in Toronto, Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ottawa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of the Interior; United Nations Refworld. [Accessed 3 Oct. 2011], United States (US). This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. Such marriage is usually called fictitious and means that foreigner’s marriage was aimed at obtaining temporary residence permit in simplified manner. In addition to the specifying the length of time applicants must have resided in the federation, the Federal Law on Russian Federation Citizenship indicates that foreign citizens and stateless persons 18 years of age and over are entitled to apply for naturalisation on the following conditions (Russia 2002a, Art. About 11 months after obtaining your residency, you will need to "confirm" the residency, usually at the same office that gave you the residency stamp in the first place. Your husband or wife, your registered same-sex partner or your cohabiting partner who you have lived with for at least two years in a marriage-like relationship or with whom you have … However, you can only live, work, and do business permanently in certain region. [Accessed 7 Oct. 2011], _____. Residence permit is a document that gives the right for an alien to reside legally in the territory of the Russian Federation for a long period of time. Upon marriage to a Russian citizen — resident in Russia — foreign spouses are eligible for a residence permit regardless of whether the country’s quota on foreign residents has already been filled that year. Obtaining temporary residence permit by marriage with citizen of the Russian Federation The most common reason for foreign citizen to obtain TRP is to marry Russian citizen. Apply for a Russian visa if you do not already have one. First, let's cover the marriage part of it and then go onto the permit. 20 November 2009. Most foreigners apply for quota several times. There are no limits on number of applications. In other words, you can apply for TRP under simplified procedure if the wife is citizen of … ; US n.d.; NDLA 20 Nov. 2009). N.d. "Russian Federation: Family Reunion." 2002b [amended 1 July 2011]. In addition to the documents required for a temporary residence permit, applicants must submit a document confirming their temporary residence permit and, for their children under 18 years of age, the child's birth certificate and passport or any other identity document (Russia n.d.). However, for many foreigners, this document is the best way to legalize their stay in the country. If that quota has already been met, you can still apply for temporary residence if you are married to a Russian citizen. (ibid.). There are two ways available for those who want to obtain temporary residence permit: within quota and outside quota. In other words, you can apply for TRP under simplified procedure if the wife is citizen of the Russian Federation or if the husband is a citizen. Accordingly, if spouse permanently lives abroad, the marriage cannot be the basis to apply for TRP in simplified manner. They can apply for work and residence permits which can allow them to open companies, obtain jobs with Russian companies, but also to marry Russian or foreign citizens. [Accessed 3 Oct. 2011]. A France residence permit is a document that allows its holder to stay in France, and is mandatory for every foreigner that comes to France with the purpose of staying more than three months. Alinga Consulting Group (ACG). Oksana Boyko. Without obtaining a temporary residence permit, a residence permit may be issued to highly qualified professionals and their families, and also to certain other categories of foreign citizens, in accordance with article 33.1 of the Federal law of May 31, 2002 N 62-FZ ‘On Citizenship of the Russian Federation’. Federal Law No. The Russian permanent residence permit is valid for five years but can be renewed an unlimited number of times. In other words, if your business obviously covers several regions of the Russian Federation, difficulties may arise. Any kind of visa, such as tourist, private, student and business, will do. Important conclusions. However, just like the temporary residence visa, it must be authenticated on an annual basis. Applications’ acceptance is finished when quota is exhausted. Someone with an incapacitated parent who i… List of grounds for a temporary residence permit List of grounds for a permanent residence permit A person married to a Russian citizen living in Russia (the temporary residence permit is issued in the same region where the spouse has permanent residence in Russia.) Residence permit for job-seeking qualified skilled workers – Issuance. Obtaining of TRP can be a step on the way to obtaining permanent residence permit or citizenship. However, not later than 4 months before TRP expires. According to Federal Law No. The Norman DL Associates (NDLA) law firm, which is based in Moscow, states that "all questions connected with acquisition of citizenship of the Russian Federation in the simplified manner are considered by the bodies of the Ministry of the Interior" (n.d.). However, TRP has some drawbacks, but they are not very serious. Joining relatives in Russia with a temporary residence permit. Federal Migration Service, Moscow. (ibid. Fortunately, law does not restrict foreign citizens in number of attempts. A Russian permanent residence permit may be obtained after holding a temporary residence visa for two years. Within six months, the Federal Migration Service will decide whether to grant the applicant a permanent residence permit (RT 1 Jan. 2010; NDLA 20 Nov. 2009). A foreigner married to a Russian citizen residing in the Russian Federation may apply for and be granted a temporary or permanent residence permit (Legislationonline.org n.d.). N.d. "Acquiring Russian Citizenship." Article 6 of the Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation contains a non-exhaustive list of persons who do not need quotas in order to qualify for a temporary residence permit for Russia: 1. (Legislationline) [Accessed 4 Nov. 2011], _____. Sources indicate that temporary residence permits are subject to a quota established by the Government of the Russian Federation (ibid. [Accessed 25 Oct. 2011], Legislationonline.org. Relatives of any kind can apply for a Russian Private Visa to join family members in Russia and stay for up to 90 days. 1.1. 8). "To Russia with Love." This residence permit is for foreigners in the UK through a marriage/civil partnership/durable relationship with a British citizen, or a holder of settlement permit, if such partner has deceased by now. In addition, you are restricted by borders of region that issued the permit. Federal Law No. documentation that confirms that the foreign citizen is not a drug addict and does not have any infectious diseases. "On the Benefits of Russian Temporary and Permanent Residency - Russia." One of the most common ways an immigrant will get a green card is through marriage to a U.S. citizen or permanent resident. Oral sources: Attempts to contact officials of the Federal Migration Service, the Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as representatives at law firms were unsuccessful. Temporary residence permit in Ukraine by marriage Our practice shows that marrying a Ukrainian citizen is the most popular basis for getting a temporary residence permit in Ukraine. The applicant will have to collect a large package of documents, pass an exam in Russian language, history and law, and undergo a medical examination. It is possible to accompany or join relatives in Russia on a temporary residence permit. A stamp with the words "Temporary Residence Permit" in the permit holder's passport indicates that he or she has a temporary residence permit (ibid.). An application for a temporary residence permit is filed personally by a foreign citizen (ibid.). [Accessed 2 Oct. 2011], Russia. ). Documents needed for applying the marriage residence permit in China: Registration form of temporary residence for visitors: When you come to China with your visa, you need to register at the local police station in 24 hours. For children between the ages of 14 and 18, applicants must include their child's notarized consent to reside in Russia (ibid.). For many foreign-born persons, the most sought after U.S. immigration benefit is permanent resident status (a green card). Amazingly, you can start the process by simply walking into the appropriate government office. As a temporary resident, you can independently get a work permit (or use a work permit obtained by your employer) in order to work in Russia. Foreigners who move to Russia can obtain various rights. 2, Imperia Tower, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply, By clicking on the button "Submit", you give your consent to the, Preparing a business for sale, legal support of business sales, Development of foreign business structures in Russia, Accreditation of Branches and Representative Offices of Foreign Companies, M&A deal structures, Investment Transactions, Due Diligence and Review of Contracts services, Full legal support of real estate and construction projects, Due diligence of immovable assets of companies and holdings, Representation of client interests in Russian courts on all issues of land and construction legislation, Support of investment and construction projects, Design and engineering service contracts, construction contracts, Russian Visa Invitations - Requirements, Cost, Types, Obtaining temporary residence permit by marriage with the citizen of the Russian Federation. All foreign residents holding a temporary residence permit are required to obtain a work permit to work "in the territory of the Russian administrative unit where the temporary residence permit was issued" (ibid.). For many foreigners, this is a disadvantage since they expect to stay in the country longer. 9. Other grounds to apply for TRP under simplified procedure may include: The most common reason for foreign citizen to obtain TRP is to marry Russian citizen. Applicants may find that, despite the general requirements indicated on "official websites of Russian government offices …, the procedure and demands at the local office is entirely different" (ibid. You can get married not only in Russia, but also abroad. Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). If you want to join your EU spouse or registered partner in their country of origin and you haven't lived together in another EU country before, only national rules will apply to your situation. However, if foreign citizen plans to obtain permanent residence permit, he/she will be able to submit documents no earlier than 8 months after receiving TRP. https://expatriant.com/legal-residence-in-russia-the-ultimate-guide The Russian permanent residence permit has a five-year validity period and can be extended without any limitation. [U]ndertake to observe the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the Russian Federation; [H]ave a legal source of means of subsistence; [H]ave filed applications with the competent body of the foreign state whereby they waived their other citizenship. The spouse should reside permanently in the country and have local registration. 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